Environmentalism


Environmentalism
   Organized Dutch nature protection started around 1900. The Vereniging tot Behoud van Natuurmonumenten in Nederland (Dutch Society for the Maintenance of Nature Reserves), for example, which was founded in 1905, has bought and preserved land in all Dutch provinces over the years (in 2006, it comprise 370 areas, to gether covering almost 95,000 hectares/365 square miles). Bird protec tion and the care of other native animals have also attracted many peo ple who fear the negative consequences of the rapid urbanization and industrialization of the country. Since the 1960s, the environmentalist movement has started to pay attention to all kinds of pollution. It also struggled against the use of pesticides, intensive agriculture, and nu clear energy. Two other well-known Dutch environmental organizations are Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands, founded in 1971) and the Fietsersbond (Cyclists’Union, founded in 1975). Furthermore, many Dutch people have supported international organizations, such as Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund. The Netherlands, as a mem ber of the European Union, subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, in order to improve the Earth’s climate.
   See also Wadden (SEA).

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • environmentalism —    Environmentalism has developed from the 1960s as both an extensive body of thought and an important cultural and political movement in Britain. Philosophically, its roots can be traced to aspects of eastern and Presocratic thought, while… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • environmentalism —    Environmentalism refers to ideas and theories that share the central belief that human life can only be understood in the context of the natural world. It challenges some accepted ideas about economic growth and human progress, posing a… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • environmentalism — UK US /ɪnˌvaɪərəˈmentəlɪzəm/ US  / ˌvaɪrəˈmenṱəl / noun [U] ENVIRONMENT ► the study of the environment and the belief that it must be protected from damage by human activities: » Iowa farm folks practised recycling before environmentalism was… …   Financial and business terms

  • environmentalism — 1923, as a psychological theory (in the nature vs. nurture debate), from ENVIRONMENTAL (Cf. environmental) + ISM (Cf. ism). The ecological sense is from 1972. Related: Environmentalist (n.), 1916 in the psychological sense, 1970 in the ecological …   Etymology dictionary

  • Environmentalism — The historic Blue Marble photograph. Environmentalism is a concern for the planet as a whole. Environmentalism is a broad philosophy, ideology[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • environmentalism — en·vi·ron·men·tal·ism (ĕn vī rən mĕnʹtl ĭz əm, vī ərn ) n. 1. Advocacy for or work toward protecting the natural environment from destruction or pollution. 2. The theory that environment rather than heredity is the primary influence on… …   Universalium

  • Environmentalism —    In a country where almost no civil society developed outside the purview of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the environmental cause defied the odds to become one of the first major popular causes in the 1980s. Due to a Leninist… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Environmentalism —    Shamans cannot strictly be identified as environmentalists because, as animists, they are members of a large community of life rather than being surrounded by an impersonal environment or “nature.” However, the common indigenous requirement to …   Historical dictionary of shamanism

  • environmentalism — [[t]ɪnva͟ɪ͟ərənme̱nt(ə)lɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Environmentalism is used to describe actions and policies which show a concern with protecting and preserving the natural environment, for example by preventing pollution …   English dictionary

  • environmentalism — environmentalist ► NOUN 1) a person who is concerned with the protection of the environment. 2) a person who considers that environment has the primary influence on the development of a person or group. DERIVATIVES environmentalism noun …   English terms dictionary

  • environmentalism — noun Date: circa 1922 1. a theory that views environment rather than heredity as the important factor in the development and especially the cultural and intellectual development of an individual or group 2. advocacy of the preservation,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary