- Organized Dutch nature protection started around 1900. The Vereniging tot Behoud van Natuurmonumenten in Nederland (Dutch Society for the Maintenance of Nature Reserves), for example, which was founded in 1905, has bought and preserved land in all Dutch provinces over the years (in 2006, it comprise 370 areas, to gether covering almost 95,000 hectares/365 square miles). Bird protec tion and the care of other native animals have also attracted many peo ple who fear the negative consequences of the rapid urbanization and industrialization of the country. Since the 1960s, the environmentalist movement has started to pay attention to all kinds of pollution. It also struggled against the use of pesticides, intensive agriculture, and nu clear energy. Two other well-known Dutch environmental organizations are Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands, founded in 1971) and the Fietsersbond (Cyclists’Union, founded in 1975). Furthermore, many Dutch people have supported international organizations, such as Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund. The Netherlands, as a mem ber of the European Union, subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, in order to improve the Earth’s climate.See also Wadden (SEA).
Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. EdwART. 2012.
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